Dior, Christian

(1905-1957)
   Born in Normandy, France, as one of five children, Dior exhibited a love of art from his early childhood. When the family moved to Paris, Dior studied economics and painted for pleasure. Family financial difficulties prompted him to begin designing and selling hat designs. He worked for couturiers Robert Piguet and Lucien Lelong and, in 1945, he began a business partnership with the wealthy textile industrialist Marcel Boussac. A quiet and polite gentleman, Dior was very superstitious and in fact selected his \#28-\#30 Montaigne address based on this. Dior opened his own house in 1947 and his first employee was Pierre Cardin.
   With war restrictions over, Dior embraced the full skirt, cinched waist, and mid-calf length, which was called the New Look by Carmel Snow of Harper's Bazaar magazine. Dior named his lines Corolla and Figure of Eight; skirts could take as much as 50 yards of fabric to construct. The fashion world was desperate to see fashion revert to prewar years and Dior's designs made those dreams a reality. During his reign of eleven years, Dior introduced twenty-two different lines. Dior was the true inventor of licensing. As early as 1949 he shared in the profits of copies of his designs and saw opportunities in everything from perfume to shoes.
   The house of Dior continued after the designer's death with Yves Saint Laurent taking over the helm and even included the design of flight attendant uniforms for Air France in 1962. Saint Laurent was followed by Marc Bohan, Gianfranco Ferre, and John Galliano. Galliano has been known to shake things up at Dior. Not unlike Dior himself, who had his own moments of excitement, whether they be a demonstration over the dangers of wearing his full Corolla skirts or receiving the press while in the bath, Galliano often creates over-the-top theatrical performances at Dior and is confident the "Master" approves. The twenty-first century has seen a new Dior customer: young, sexy, drawn to the chemistry of the past Dior foundation and demanding the fresh approach of the present.
   See also Copyist; Haute Couture.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dior, Christian — born Jan. 21, 1905, Granville, France died Oct. 24, 1957, Montecatini, Italy French fashion designer. He trained for the French diplomatic service, but in the financial crisis of the 1930s he began illustrating fashions for a weekly periodical.… …   Universalium

  • Dior, Christian — (1905 1957)    couturier    Born in Granville, Christian Dior came late to fashion, founding his own couture house in 1946. He was an immediate success with his new look collection (shirtwaist dresses, long and ample skirts). Encouraged by his… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Dior, Christian — ► (1905 57) Modista francés. Fue un innovador de la alta costura. * * * (21 ene. 1905, Granville, Francia–24 oct. 1957, Montecatini, Italia). Diseñador de modas francés. Estudió para el servicio diplomático francés, pero durante la crisis… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dior,Christian — Di·or (dē ôrʹ), Christian. 1905 1957. French fashion designer noted for his New Look of 1947 that emphasized narrow shoulders, tight waists, and long, full skirts. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dior — Dior, Christian …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christian Dior — Born 21 January 1905(1905 01 21) Granville, Manche, France Died 23 October 1957(1957 10 23) (aged 52) Montecatini Terme, Tuscany, Italy Nationality French …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Dior SA — (more commonly known as Dior) is a French clothing retailer, under control of the LVMH group. The company was founded by fashion designer Christian Dior.Christian Dior SA itself controls 42% of LVMH assets, which holds other fashion brands such… …   Wikipedia

  • DIOR (C.) — DIOR CHRISTIAN (1905 1957) Christian Dior a apporté à la mode le new look, qui a marqué la période de l’après guerre. D’un caractère discret, introverti, Christian Dior, le couturier sans doute le plus célèbre du XXe siècle, connaît de 1947 à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dior Homme — is the menswear division of Christian Dior SA, the French clothing retailer. Dior Homme is currently under the creative direction of Kris Van Assche since spring/summer 2008. Dior Homme had previously been directed by Hedi Slimane since the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dior — n. m. PEDOL Sol ferrugineux non lessivé de la zone sahélienne, favorable à la culture de l arachide et du petit mil. Dior (Christian) (1905 1957) couturier français …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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